Network Affiliation Agreements

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(h) network control of station fees. No licence may be granted to a television channel that has an express or implied contract, agreement or understanding with a network organization under which the channel is prevented, hindered or sanctioned from setting or modifying its airtime sales rates for programs other than those of the network. In larger markets, several full service channels can be operated by the same broadcast automation channel, either openly as duopoly or twinstick operations, or through the use of local marketing agreements and common service agreements to operate a second station nominally owned by another transmitter. These can be supplemented by LPTV stations or repeaters to add more channels without striking the limits of concentration of media ownership set by the Confederation. Often, the different stations frequently controlled use the same messages and local advertising sales, but carry different network streams. In Canada, affiliated channels may acquire program rights from a network other than their primary membership, but as such, an agreement only applies to a few individually selected programs, they are generally not considered connected to the second network. CJON-DT in St. John`s, Newfoundland, nominally an independent channel, uses this model to acquire programs from CTV and the World Television Network. CJNT-DT in Montreal once had dual connections between City and Omni Television to meet its ethnic program requirements due to its sale to Rogers Media in 2012. This model was finally abandoned when, in late 2012, the CRTC asked Rogers to change the format of the transmitter from a multicultural station to a conventional English-language station and to contribute to the funding and programming of a new independent multicultural station, CFHD-DT, signed in 2013.

[6] [7] (m) Territorial exclusivity for non-network agreements. In 2009, after many years of decline, the era of secondary membership in several major networks (formerly common in communities with fewer channels than networks seeking promotion) finally ended on the smallest U.S. KXGN-TV channel in Glendive, Montana (which was both connected to CBS and NBC). The digital conversion allowed KXGN to transfer the CBS and NBC programs side by side on separate sub-channels, which essentially became a major subsidiary of both networks. It is the most common type of „double affiliation“ that exists today in the age of digital television. There is a similar system in Japan, where the rules set by the Ministry of The Interior and Communications limit the number of commercial television channels owned by the network as a percentage of the total national reach of the market. As such, commercial networks have only been used in the four largest media markets (Kanta, Keihanshin, Ch`kya and Fukuoka) and rely on subsidiaries to transfer their programming to other prefectures.