All of the agreements mentioned above provide for this. B conditions and redundancies for employment contracts, working time, minimum wage, leave pay and sick pay, etc. As has already been said, these agreements are often supplemented by local collective agreements. „Blue-collar“ and „white-collar“ are terms in English that evoke different images. The worker is perceived as less than the employee. The employee could work behind an office in the service sector, while the worker gets his hands dirty when doing manual work or working in a manufacturing department. Perhaps the employee has a rounder training than the worker. The distinguishing characteristics between the two types of employees continue, yet no dictionary definition can offer a more concise language on what sentences mean other than imprecise terms that indicate differences in class. Workers refer to workers who involve hard manual labor, usually agriculture, manufacturing, construction, mining or maintenance. On the other hand, the employee would have obtained his job through a more rigorous hiring process and is therefore more difficult to lay off.
If they do not earn a salary, income may depend on maintaining a client base, as is the case for private lawyers and doctors. The position held by an employee can be stable because the work with employees has specific skills. The nine employees of the municipality of Thurso, Ottawa, have a new collective agreement. Collective agreements are widespread in the Swedish labour market and largely regulate the relationship between employer and workers. A collective agreement is obtained through negotiation. The Participation Act specifies that any trade union organisation and employers` or employer organisation has the right to negotiate in all areas that influence the relationship between the employer and the worker. This may be a settlement by an agreement not yet reached between the parties or a replacement of existing rules with new issues. A bargaining right for one party means an obligation for the other party to participate in the negotiations. However, there is no legal obligation to reach an agreement (for more information, see „Participation in the Work“). On 2 April, the Swedish Mechanical Industry Association announced in an article in Gothenburg-Posten that it was ready to have its right to reduce working hours reduced by the Swedish Labour Court (Arbetsdomstolen) assessed by the Swedish Labour Court (Arbetsdomstolen) and hence the salaries of employees, either through the conclusion of a national collective agreement or by local agreements on temporary redundancies. In response to this article, the unions – the Unions and the Swedish Association of University Engineers – denied that formal negotiations had taken place on the subject and said that only informal meetings had taken place. The two unions also stated that they had not changed their position in this matter and that they would not be content with a national agreement such as the one with IF Metall (article of Gothenburgs Posten of 4 April 2009).
Other collective agreements contain rules on the relationship between the employer and individual workers. Such agreements can be concluded at the central level, by the parties described above and at the local level, between a specific employer and the local union represented in the company. It is customary for a central agreement on the conditions of employment of each worker to be supplemented by local agreements.