After years of political disagreement and drama, the British Parliament has adopted a comprehensive agreement to withdraw from the EU. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to sever all ties with the bloc, writes Barbara Wesel of the DW. (20.12.2019) But before Parliament ended the Christmas break, MPs approved Mr Johnson`s bill by 358 votes to 234. Members discussed the status of the bill at the end of the Lords phases. The UK has said this can be done by the end of 2020 and the bill also excludes the extension of the transition period, even though no free trade agreement has been reached with the EU. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. Nandy voted against the law Friday with the hopes of leader Rebecca Long-Bailey, Keir Starmer, Clive Lewis and Emily Thornberry. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019.
The amendments adjust about 5% of the text.  The House of Commons supported an earlier bill at second reading in October; but rejected the Prime Minister`s plan to bring him down by Parliament within days, prompting him to push for parliamentary elections. MEPs debated key areas of the law at second reading on Monday (January 13th). Among the participants were the opposition spokesman for leaving the EU and the president of the Liberal Democrats in the Lords. She suggested that the government was „ready“ to reject constructive negotiations with the EU if it could „not register in the arbitrarily short time“ provided for by the bill. Theresa May – Johnson`s predecessor in Downing Street – has repeatedly failed to pass her Brexit deal by MPs, leading to her resignation as prime minister. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the „backstop“ agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded.